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whisker is inspired by Mustache but is more stable, robust and predictable. It is a fast template engine for V with a simple syntax.

Features

  1. Logic-less : Different but expressive and powerful.
  2. Four Data Types : Booleans, Strings, Lists, and Maps.
  3. Composable : Supports nested iteration and partial recursion.
  4. Simple Data Model : Template data be constructed in V source code or imported and exported using JSON.
  5. Partials : External, partial templates can be plugged into the primary template.
  6. Safe by Default : Tag contents are HTML escaped by default.
  7. Customisable : The delimiters can be changed from the default {{...}} .

Motivation

The following blog posts provide more context:

  1. Announcing whisker - easier way to do templates in V : We take a look at current template engines available in V and announce a new template engine.
  2. Writing whisker’s tokeniser using the Theory of Computation : We show how we use fundamental CS principles to implement an FSM-based tokeniser for whisker.

Prerequisites

You must have V installed. Refer to the official instructions for help with installation.

If you already have V installed, use v up to update the toolchain and standard library.

Installation

From VPM

v install hungrybluedev.whisker

This should install the package as the hungrybluedev.whisker module.

To use it, use impport hungrybluedev.whisker and proceed as normal.

From GitHub

Run the following to install whisker from GitHub using V's package manager:

v install --git https://github.com/hungrybluedev/whisker

This should install in hungrybluedev.whisker first and then relocate it to whisker . Now, in your project, you can import whisker and use whisker right away!

Usage

The main struct is whisker.template.Template which can be generated either directly from template strings or be loaded from disk from template files. A single template should be reused for different data models to produce outputs which differ in content but not semantic structure.

Note There might be slight white-space consistencies between the generated and expected results. For machine-verification, it is recommended to compare the parsed and reconstructed outputs for your particular file format.

Direct String Templates

  1. Load a template : Use template.from_strings(input: input_str, partials: partial_map) to generate a template from direct string inputs. Here, input_str is a string and partial_map is a map[string]string . The map's keys are the names of the template that are replaced by the direct template strings. Leave the partials field empty if there are none required.
  2. Run with Data Model : Use run(data) to generate the output string. The data can be represented in V source code directly (refer to the spec for examples), or it can be loaded from JSON (using datamodel.from_json(data_string) ).

This is a copy-paste-able example to get started immediately:

module main

import whisker.datamodel
import whisker.template

fn main() {
    simple_template := template.from_strings(input: 'Hello, {{name}}!')!
    data := datamodel.from_json('{"name": "World"}')!

    println(simple_template.run(data)!) // prints "Hello, World!"
}

Template Files

  1. Load a template : Use template.load_file(input: input_str, partials: partial_map) to generate a template from file names. The difference here is that instead of providing content, you provide the relative file paths. The names of the partials need to be exact though, so keep an eye on that.
  2. Run with Data Model : Same as before. You can use os.read_file(path_to_json) to read the JSON contents and then plug this into the datamodel.from_json function.

It is not necessary, but it is recommended to use filenames that contain *.wskr.* somewhere in the file name. Check json_test.v and html_test.v for examples with template files.

The CLI

whisker may also be used as a standalone command-line program to process template files. It does not support direct template string input for the sake of simplicity.

Build whisker with v cmd/whisker and run cmd/whisker/whisker --help for usage instructions. You can specify a bin subdirectory as output folder and add it to path as well:

# Create an output directory
mkdir cmd/bin

# Build the executable
v cmd/whisker -o cmd/bin/whisker

# Run the executable
cmd/bin/whisker --help

Check whisker_cli_test.v for a concrete demonstration.

Syntax

Normal Text Is Unaffected

Input

Sample text

Output

Sample text

Double Curly Braces Indicate Sections

Input

Hello, {{name}}!

Data

{
  "name": "world"
}

Output

Hello, world!

Changing Delimiters

Input

{{=[ ]=}}
module main

fn main() {
    println('[greeting]')
}

Data

{
  "greeting": "Have a nice day!"
}

Output

module main

fn main() {
    println('Have a nice day!')
}

Booleans, Positive, and Negative Sections

Input


<nav>
    <ul>
        <li>Home</li>
        <li>About</li>
        {{-logged_in}}
        <li>Log In</li>
        {{/logged_in}}
        {{+logged_in}}
        <li>Account: {{user.name}}</li>
        {{/logged_in}}
    </ul>
</nav>

Data 1

{
  "logged_in": false
}

Output 1


<nav>
    <ul>
        <li>Home</li>
        <li>About</li>
        <li>Log In</li>

    </ul>
</nav>

Data 2

{
  "logged_in": true,
  "user": {
    "name": "whisker"
  }
}

Output 2


<nav>
    <ul>
        <li>Home</li>
        <li>About</li>

        <li>Account: whisker</li>
    </ul>
</nav>

Positive and negative sections also apply to lists and maps. An empty list or map means a negative section and a non-empty one represents a positive section.

List :

Input


{{+vacation}}
<h1>Currenty on vacation</h1>
<ul>
{{*.}}
<li>{{.}}</li>
{{/.}}
</ul>
{{/vacation}}
{{-vacation}}
<p>Nobody is on vacation currently</p>
{{/vacation}}

Data 1

{
  "vacation": []
}

Output 1

<p>Nobody is on vacation currently</p>

Data 2

{
  "vacation": ["Homer", "Marge"]
}

Output 2

<h1>Currenty on vacation</h1>
<ul>
<li>Homer</li>
<li>Marge</li>
</ul>

Map :

Input


{{+user}}
<p>Welcome {{last_name}}, {{first_name}}</h1>
{{/user}}
{{-user}}
<p>Create account?</p>
{{/user}}

Data 1

{
    "user" : {}
}

Output 1

<p>Create account?</p>

Data 2

{
    "user" : {
        "last_name": "Simpson", 
        "first_name": "Homer"
    }
}

Output 2

<p>Welcome Simpson, Homer</h1>

Maps, Lists, and Partials

Input


<ol>
    {{*items}}
    {{>item}}
    {{/items}}
</ol>

Partial: item


<li>{{name}}: {{description}}</li>

Data

{
  "items": [
    {
      "name": "Banana",
      "description": "Rich in potassium and naturally sweet."
    },
    {
      "name": "Orange",
      "description": "High in Vitamin C and very refreshing."
    }
  ]
}

Output


<ol>
    <li>Banana: Rich in potassium and naturally sweet.</li>
    <li>Orange: High in Vitamin C and very refreshing.</li>
</ol>

All the examples shown here are tested in CI in the readme_test.v file.

For the full specification, refer to the unit tests and test cases in the spec directory.

License

This project is distributed under the MIT License .

Acknowledgements

Thanks to the original Mustache project for inspiration and the specification.

About

whisker is inspired by Mustache but is more stable, robust and predictable. It is a fast template engine for V with a simple syntax.

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last Oct 31

Author

hungrybluedev